Servers

How to Enable EPEL Repository on CentOS 8 and RHEL 8 Server

EPEL Stands for Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux, it is a free and opensource additional packages repository available for CentOS and RHEL servers. As the name suggests, EPEL repository provides extra and additional packages which are not available in the default package repositories of CentOS 8 and RHEL 8.

In this article we will demonstrate how to enable and use epel repository on CentOS 8 and RHEL 8 Server.

EPEL-Repo-CentOS8-RHEL8

Prerequisites of EPEL Repository

  • Minimal CentOS 8 and RHEL 8 Server
  • Root or sudo admin privileges
  • Internet Connection

Install and Enable EPEL Repository on RHEL 8.x Server

Login or ssh to your RHEL 8.x server and execute the following dnf command to install EPEL rpm package,

[[email protected] ~]# dnf install https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-8.noarch.rpm -y

Output of above command would be something like below,

dnf-install-epel-repo-rehl8

Once epel rpm package is installed successfully then it will automatically enable and configure its yum / dnf repository.  Run following dnf or yum command to verify whether EPEL repository is enabled or not,

[[email protected] ~]# dnf repolist epel
Or
[[email protected] ~]# dnf repolist epel -v

epel-repolist-rhel8

Install and Enable EPEL Repository on CentOS 8.x Server

Login or ssh to your CentOS 8 server and execute following dnf or yum command to install ‘epel-release‘ rpm package. In CentOS 8 server, epel rpm package is available in its default package repository.

[[email protected] ~]# dnf install epel-release -y
Or
[[email protected] ~]# yum install epel-release -y

Execute the following commands to verify the status of epel repository on CentOS 8 server,

 [[email protected] ~]# dnf repolist epel
Last metadata expiration check: 0:00:03 ago on Sun 13 Oct 2019 04:18:05 AM BST.
repo id                                    repo name                                                                          status
*epel                                      Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 8 - x86_64                                     1,977
[[email protected] ~]#
[[email protected] ~]# dnf repolist epel -v
……………………
Repo-id      : epel
Repo-name    : Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux 8 - x86_64
Repo-status  : enabled
Repo-revision: 1570844166
Repo-updated : Sat 12 Oct 2019 02:36:32 AM BST
Repo-pkgs    : 1,977
Repo-size    : 2.1 G
Repo-metalink: https://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/metalink?repo=epel-8&arch=x86_64&infra=stock&content=centos
  Updated    : Sun 13 Oct 2019 04:28:24 AM BST
Repo-baseurl : rsync://repos.del.extreme-ix.org/epel/8/Everything/x86_64/ (34 more)
Repo-expire  : 172,800 second(s) (last: Sun 13 Oct 2019 04:28:24 AM BST)
Repo-filename: /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo
Total packages: 1,977
[[email protected] ~]#

Above command’s output confirms that we have successfully enabled epel repo. Let’s perform some basic operations on EPEL repo.

List all available packages from epel repository

If you want to list all the packages from epel repository then run the following dnf command,

[[email protected] ~]#  dnf repository-packages epel list
……………
Last metadata expiration check: 0:38:18 ago on Sun 13 Oct 2019 04:28:24 AM BST.
Installed Packages
epel-release.noarch                                           8-6.el8                                             @epel
Available Packages
BackupPC.x86_64                                               4.3.1-2.el8                                         epel
BackupPC-XS.x86_64                                            0.59-3.el8                                          epel
CGSI-gSOAP.x86_64                                             1.3.11-7.el8                                        epel
CGSI-gSOAP-devel.x86_64                                       1.3.11-7.el8                                        epel
Field3D.x86_64                                                1.7.2-16.el8                                        epel
Field3D-devel.x86_64                                          1.7.2-16.el8                                        epel
GraphicsMagick.x86_64                                         1.3.33-1.el8                                        epel
GraphicsMagick-c++.x86_64                                     1.3.33-1.el8                                        epel
…………………………
zabbix40-web-mysql.noarch                                     4.0.12-1.el8                                        epel
zabbix40-web-pgsql.noarch                                     4.0.12-1.el8                                        epel
zerofree.x86_64                                               1.1.1-3.el8                                         epel
zimg.x86_64                                                   2.8-4.el8                                           epel
zimg-devel.x86_64                                             2.8-4.el8                                           epel
zstd.x86_64                                                   1.4.2-1.el8                                         epel
zvbi.x86_64                                                   0.2.35-9.el8                                        epel
zvbi-devel.x86_64                                             0.2.35-9.el8                                        epel
zvbi-fonts.noarch                                             0.2.35-9.el8                                        epel
[[email protected] ~]#

Search Package from EPEL Repo

Let’s assume if we want to search Zabbix package in epel repository, execute the following dnf command,

[[email protected] ~]# dnf repository-packages epel list | grep -i zabbix

Output of above command would be something like below,

epel-repo-search-package-centos8

Install a package from epel repo

Let’s assume we want to install …

0
Read More

How to Install and Configure VNC Server on Centos 8 / RHEL 8

A VNC (Virtual Network Computing) Server is a GUI based desktop sharing platform that allows you to access remote desktop machines. In Centos 8 and RHEL 8 systems, VNC servers are not installed by default and need to be installed manually. In this article, we’ll look at how to install VNC Server on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8 systems with a simple step-by-step installation guide.

Prerequisites to Install VNC Server on Centos 8 / RHEL 8

To install VNC Server in your system, make sure you have the following requirements readily available on your system:

  • CentOS 8 / RHEL 8
  • GNOME Desktop Environment
  • Root access
  • DNF / YUM Package repositories

Step by Step Guide to Install VNC Server on Centos 8 / RHEL 8

Step 1)  Install GNOME Desktop environment

Before installing VNC Server in your CentOS 8 / RHEL 8, make sure you have a desktop Environment (DE) installed. In case GNOME desktop is already installed or you have installed your server with gui option then you can skip this step.

In CentOS 8 / RHEL 8, GNOME is the default desktop environment. if you don’t have it in your system, install it using the following command:

[[email protected] ~]# dnf groupinstall "workstation"
Or
[[email protected] ~]# dnf groupinstall "Server with GUI

Once the above packages are installed successfully then run the following command to enable the graphical mode

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl set-default graphical

Now reboot the system so that we get GNOME login screen.

[[email protected] ~]# reboot

Once the system is rebooted successfully uncomment the line “WaylandEnable=false” from the file “/etc/gdm/custom.conf” so that remote desktop session request via vnc is handled by xorg of GNOME desktop in place of wayland display manager.

Note: Wayland is the default display manager (GDM) in GNOME and it not is configured to handled remote rendering API like X.org

Step 2) Install VNC Server (tigervnc-server)

Next we’ll install the VNC Server, there are lot of VNC Servers available, and for installation purposes, we’ll be installing TigerVNC Server. It is one of the most popular VNC Server and a high-performance and platform-independent VNC that allows users to interact with remote machines easily.

Now install TigerVNC Server using the following command:

[[email protected] ~]# dnf install tigervnc-server tigervnc-server-module -y

Step 3) Set VNC Password for Local User

Let’s assume we want ‘pkumar’ user to use VNC for remote desktop session, then switch to the user and set its password using vncpasswd command,

[[email protected] ~]# su - pkumar
[[email protected] ~]$ vncpasswd
Password:
Verify:
Would you like to enter a view-only password (y/n)? n
A view-only password is not used
[[email protected] ~]$
[[email protected] ~]$ exit
logout
[[email protected] ~]#

Step 4) Setup VNC Server Configuration File

Next step is to configure VNC Server Configuration file. Create a file “/etc/systemd/system/[email protected]” with the following content so that tigervnc-server’s service started for above local user “pkumar”.

[[email protected] ~]# vim /etc/systemd/system/[email protected]
[Unit]
Description=Remote Desktop VNC Service
After=syslog.target network.target

[Service]
Type=forking
WorkingDirectory=/home/pkumar
User=pkumar
Group=pkumar

ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/vncserver -kill %i > /dev/null 2>&1 || :'
ExecStart=/usr/bin/vncserver -autokill %i
ExecStop=/usr/bin/vncserver -kill %i

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target

Save and exit the file,

Note: Replace the user name in above file which suits to your setup.

By default, VNC server listen on tcp port 5900+n, …

0
Read More

How To Have A Faster User Experience In Chrome

There are many fast browsers and search engines out there. Among all these, Google Chrome is one of them. When one uses a search engine, data is downloaded, uploaded, and stored. This causes the user experience to slow down. Servers can go slow, loading of pages go slow, and so on. This can cause frustration among users, especially those who are using it for work-related tasks.

If you are using Chrome to upload content during the deadline, or going online shopping because the item you’ve been eyeing on is finally on sale, there is something you can do to make things faster. These steps will help you improve the speed and overall experience.

The first thing you do is to clear the browsing data. The reason why you have data stored in your cache and history from all of your searches and pages you’ve opened is that Chrome wants to load them faster for you the next time you visit them. The more pages you open, the more data is collected and stored. This means that Chrome can work slower.

Thankfully, the solution to this is easy: clear your cache. To do this, simply access your browsing history by entering chrome://history on your address bar. From the left panel, select Clear browsing data. Choose which data will be deleted by clicking on the checkboxes of all items you want to delete, like cached images or cookies. You can also select the time range that will be affected by the deletion. You can delete your history for the past hour, the last 24 hours, the last 7 days, the last 4 weeks, or from the beginning of time. Once you’ve selected the files you want to delete and their corresponding time range, click Clear data.
(Via: https://www.techadvisory.org/2018/12/make-google-chrome-faster-with-these-easy-steps/)

Another thing you can do is to deactivate or not enable the extensions. Chrome extensions are available for download. These are like programs that give your Chrome browser a personal touch. Depending on what you need or want, you can download a lot of different extensions available on Chrome. They are there to add into, remove, or change a certain function according to your preferences to make the way you use Chrome more convenient. But the more extensions you install, the more the browser can slow down.

Most extensions will show on Chrome’s address bar, and you can quickly uninstall them by right-clicking on their icons and selecting Remove from Chrome. You can also manage all extensions by typing chrome://extensions on your browser and hitting Enter. From there, you’ll find a list of all the extensions you have (even those you don’t remember installing). Simply scroll through the list and click Remove to delete the extensions you don’t need.
(Via: https://www.techadvisory.org/2018/12/make-google-chrome-faster-with-these-easy-steps/)

Have you ever tried opening a page and an ad pops up every time you click parts of the page? This is called adware or malware. They appear for the purpose of advertising. Others come in the form of extensions.

Sometimes, Chrome slows down because of malware or adware extensions. Extra toolbars, recurring pop-up ads, and web pages redirecting to other addresses are clear indications of these. Google once had a downloadable app developed for Chrome that scans and removes unwanted

0
Read More

4 Laptops You Can Get For Less Than $300

Are you looking for a laptop? You have a lot of options out there but if you’re on a budget, your options maybe limited. Nonetheless, you’d still be able to one. That’s for sure.

If you’re looking for a laptop under $300, you’re going to have to make some sacrifices, but that doesn’t mean you have to be stuck with a bad notebook. There are laptops under $300 that offer 1080p displays, long battery life and even 2-in-1 functionality. If you’re against getting a Chromebook, you might want to reconsider, especially because that device will most likely run a lot smoother with a weaker processor compared to a Windows 10 machine.

(Via: https://www.laptopmag.com/articles/best-laptops-under-300)

Here are the 4 options you can look into. You can start with HP Stream 11.

The HP Stream 11 is one of the best Windows 10 laptops you can find at this price. The Stream’s cute, 11-inch chassis is packed with all-day battery life and relatively strong performance. This laptop is also incredibly portable, weighing in at 2.5 pounds and measuring just 0.7 inches thick. And even though its keyboard can be a little cramped, it offers decent key travel. You won’t find a better Windows laptop for under $200.

(Via: https://www.laptopmag.com/articles/best-laptops-under-300)

The HP Chromebook 14 is also worth looking into.

The Intel version of the HP Chromebook 14 is a solid improvement over its AMD counterpart. For just under $300, you get an attractive laptop with a 14-inch, 1920 x 1080 display, which is an incredibly rare combination at this price point. To top it all off, HP’s Chromebook 14 features a comfortable keyboard and a battery that can last an entire workday and then some. If you’re looking for a Chromebook that doesn’t scream elementary school, then the HP Chromebook 14 is the one to get.

(Via: https://www.laptopmag.com/articles/best-laptops-under-300)

The Lenovo IdealPad 330 is packed with a lot of features for a very affordable price.

We wouldn’t call the Lenovo IdeaPad 330 one of the best laptops around, but for under $300, it’s pretty decent. Its design is pretty standard, but the chassis itself is actually sturdy, not giving into pressure when flexed. Additionally, Lenovo’s gold-standard keyboard design remains intact on this budget machine, as the system is super comfortable to type on. However, be wary of its short, 5:52 battery life and its subpar Celeron N4100 processor.

(Via: https://www.laptopmag.com/articles/best-laptops-under-300)

The Lenovo Chromebook C330 boasts of a long battery life.

The Lenovo Chromebook C330 gets nearly 10 hours of battery life as well as a comfortable keyboard and a neat HDMI port, which is somewhat rare for a Chromebook. This 11-inch convertible is also pretty light and thin, coming in at 2.8 pounds and 0.8 inches thick. But as much as it has notable bright spots, there are some flaws – namely, its underwhelming performance and dull display.

(Via: https://www.laptopmag.com/articles/best-laptops-under-300)

So, if you’re working on a very limited budget, don’t worry. You can look into the 4 laptops mentioned above.

Of course, you would have to factor in the cost of buying Microsoft OS and Office. You would also have to consider a strong anti-virus. These are must-haves for your new laptop.

The 4 laptops mentioned above are pretty good …

0
Read More

5 Best Security Tools to Have on Your Linux PC

Everyone hails Linux for its built-in security. Compared to Windows or other operating systems, the way Linux assigns file permissions is different. The infrastructure is much more robust. Plus, malware creators tend to target Linux less often due to it having a smaller percentage of users in general. Thus, there are fewer potential targets to […]

Source

from ThisHosting.Rocks https://thishosting.rocks/best-linux-security-tools/…

0
Read More

4 External Hard Drives You Can Use With Your iPad

The day has come. We can finally use an external hard drive with our iPad. Isn’t that great? We have to keep in mind that our iPad wasn’t exactly designed for an external drive. Since it’s a portable device, all our files, movies, and photos are meant to be stored in the cloud.

That’s exactly how it is until iPadOS has brought in support for flash drives and hard drives. So, now, we don’t have to rely on the internet to access our files. We can still enjoy the portability of our iPad and all our files without being connected.

Before we get right into the list of the best hard drives for our iPad, here’s something to think about.

There are a few factors to consider when picking the best external hard drive for your iPad: how often you store your files, how many files you store, and how easily you need access to your files. Different types of external hard drives will work better depending on your personal needs.

(Via: https://www.imore.com/best-external-hard-drives-ipad)

Here are the 4 external hard drives we can use with our iPad.

The LaCie Fuel is the most recommended. This has the best capacity, best value for our money, and best portability.

The LaCie FUEL external hard drive works as a USB 3.0 portable drive that comes compatible with all iOS devices. Its ability to work with and without an internet connection makes this hard drive excellent for on-the-go access and usability. The LaCie FUEL connects to your iPad through Wi-Fi, but it broadcasts its own Wi-Fi network. When you are not using the built-in Wi-Fi router and media server to share files simultaneously with your friends or colleagues, you can use LaCie FUEL’s network to hot spot up to five additional devices.

With an impressive 10-hour battery life and options to stream directly to your Apple TV or to Airplay, the LaCie Fuel is brilliant for allowing easy access to your files for long periods. This hard drive uses the Seagate Media App on your iPad and mobile devices and Seagate Media Sync on your desktop to manage files. This 1TD drive measures at 4.5 x 4.5 x 0.9 (HWD) and has a compact and durable design.

(Via: https://www.imore.com/best-external-hard-drives-ipad)

The Western Digital My Passport Wireless Pro has an intense amount of space capacity and a very long battery life.

The Western Digital My Passport Wireless Pro delivers high-speed performance with its 4K streaming over 802.11ac Wi-Fi capabilities. This makes for easy uploading, offloading, editing, and streaming on both your iOS device and your PC. It is even compatible with your Smart TV.

Offering a 10-hour battery supply with its built-in 6400 mAh power bank, the WD My Passport Wireless Pro is perfect for those on-the-go needs. Included in this hard drive is an extra port that gives you the ability to share its impressive battery power with other devices. With this feature, you can ensure that your iPad stays charged all day long.

The My Passport Wireless Pro is nice and compact. It measures at 126mm x 126mm x 22mm (HLW). It is small and easy to carry while still offering an abundance of useful features.

(Via: https://www.imore.com/best-external-hard-drives-ipad)

The Toshiba Canvio Advance …

0
Read More

How to Install and Use Cockpit on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8

Cockpit is a Web based server management tool available for CentOS and RHEL systems, recently CentOS 8 and RHEL 8 are released where cockpit is kept as default server management tool. Its package is available in the default CentOS 8 and RHEL 8 package repositories. Cockpit is a useful Web based GUI tool through which sysadmins can monitor and manage their Linux servers, it can also used to manage networking and storage on servers, containers, virtual machines and inspections of system and application’s logs.

In this article we will demonstrate how to install and setup Cockpit on CentOS 8 and RHEL 8 system.

Installation and setup of Cockpit on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8 System

Login to your CentOS8 / RHEL 8 system and open the terminal and execute the following dnf command,

[[email protected] ~]# dnf install cockpit -y

Run the following command to enable and start cockpit service,

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl start cockpit.socket
[[email protected] ~]# systemctl enable cockpit.socket

Allow Cockpit ports in OS firewall using following command,

[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --permanent --add-service=cockpit
[[email protected] ~]# firewall-cmd --reload

Verify whether cockpit service is up and running or not, execute the following commands,

[[email protected] ~]# systemctl status cockpit.socket
[[email protected] ~]# ss -tunlp | grep cockpit
[[email protected] ~]# ps auxf|grep cockpit

cockpit-status-centos8-rhel8

Access Cockpit on CentOS 8 / RHEL 8 system

As we can see in above command’s output that cockpit is listening on tcp port 9090, open your system web browser and type url :

https://<Your-CentOS8/RHEL8-System-IP>:9090

CentOS8-cockpit-login-screen

Cockpit Login Screen for RHEL 8,

RHEL8-Cockpit-Login-Screen

Use the user name which has admin rights, or we can also use the root user’s credentials to login. In case you want to assign admin rights to any local user, execute the following command,

[[email protected] ~]# usermod -G wheel pkumar

here pkumar is my local user,

Once you enter the user’s credentials, choose “Reuse my password for privileged tasks” and then click on “Log In” option after that we will get following screen,

cockpit-dashboard-centos8

On the Left-hand side bar, we can see what things can be monitored and configured via cockpit GUI,

Let’s assume if you wish to check whether there are any updates available for your CentOS 8 / RHEL 8 system, click on “System Updates” option,

Software-Updates-Cockpit-GUI-CentOS8-RHEL8

To Install all updates, click on “Install All Updates

Install-Software-Updates-CentOS8-RHEL8

If wish to modify networking and want to add Bond interface and Bridge, then click on “Networking

Networking-Cockpit-Dashboard-CentOS8-RHEL8

As we can in above window, we have the options to create Bond interface, Bridge and VLAN tagged interface.

Let’s assume we want to create a bridge as “br0” and want to add enp0s3 as port to it, click on “Add Bridge” option,

Specify the bridge name as “br0” and port as “enp0s3” and then click on apply

Add-Bridge-Cockpit-CentOS8-RHEL8

In the next screen we will see that our bridge is active and got the same IP as of enp0s3 interface,

Bridge-Details-Cockpit-Dashboard-CentOS8-RHEL8

If you wish to inspect system logs then click on “Logs” options, there we can view logs based on their severity

System-Logs-Cockpit-Dashboard-CentOS8-RHEL8

That’s all from this article, similarly sysadmins can use remaining other options of cockpit to monitor and manage their CentOS 8 and RHEL 8 server. In case these steps help you …

0
Read More

CentOS 8 Installation Guide with Screenshots

After RHEL 8 release, CentOS community has released its most awaited Linux distribution as CentOS 8. It comes into two forms:

  • CentOS stream – It is designed for the developers where they will get the updates quite frequently.
  • CentOS – It is RHEL 8 like stable OS where sysadmin can install and configure the servers and applications.

In this article, we will demonstrate how to install CentOS 8 Server step by step with screenshots.

 New features in CentOS 8 :

  • DNF is the default package manager through yum can also be used.
  • Network configuration will be controlled by Network Manager (nmcli & nmtui) as network scripts are removed.
  • Podman utility to manage containers
  • Introduction of two packages repositories: BaseOS and AppStream
  • Cockpit available as default server management tool
  • Wayland is the default display server
  • Iptables are replaced by nftables
  • Linux Kernel 4.18
  • PHP 7.2, Python 3.6, Ansible 2.8, VIM 8.0 and Squid 4

Minimum System Requirements CentOS 8:

  • 2 GB RAM
  • 2 GHz or Higher Processor
  • 20 GB Hard Disk
  • 64-bit x86 System

CentOS 8 Installation Steps with Screenshots

Step:1) Download CentOS 8 ISO File

Download CentOS 8 ISO file from its official site,

https://www.centos.org/download/

Step:2) Create CentOS 8 Bootable media (USB / DVD)

Once you have downloaded CentOS 8 iso file, burn it either into USB stick or in DVD to make it bootable.

Reboot the system on which you want to install CentOS 8, change the boot medium either as USB or DVD from bios settings.

Step:3) Choose “Install CentOS 8.0” option

When the system boots up with CentOS 8 bootable media, then we will get the following screen, choose “Install CentOS 8.0” and hit enter,

Choose-Install-CentOS8

Step:4) Select your preferred language

Choose the language that suits to your CentOS 8 installation and then click on Continue,

Select-Language-CentOS8-Installation

Step:5) Preparing CentOS 8 Installation

In this step we will configure the followings:

  • Keyboard Layout
  • Date / Time
  • Installation Source
  • Software Selection
  • Installation Destination
  • Kdump

Installation-Summary-CentOS8

As we can see in above window, installer has automatically pick ‘Keyboard’ layout, ‘Time & Date’, ‘Installation Source’ and ‘Software Selection’.

If you want to change any of these settings, then click on their respective icon, let’s assume we want to change Time & Date of system, so click on ‘Time & Date’ and choose the time zone that suits to your installation and then click on Done

TimeZone-CentOS8-Installation

Choose your preferred option from “Software Selection“, in case you want to install server with GUI then choose “Server with GUI” option and if you want to do minimal installation then choose “Minimal Install“.

Software-Selection-CentOS8-Installation

In this tutorial we will go with “Server with GUI” option, click on Done

Kdump is enabled by default, if wish to disable it then click on icon and disable it but it is strongly recommended one should enable kdump.

If you wish to configure networking during the installation, then click on “Network & Host Name

Networking-During-CentOS8-Installation

In case your system is connected to modem where DHCP is running then it will automatically pick the ip whenever we enable the interface and if  you wish to configure the static ip then click on ‘…

0
Read More

5 Ways To Have More Space On Your Hard Drive

Hard drives never have enough space. No matter how much space capacity they offer, it’s just never enough. The reason for that is because it’s very easy to fill up a hard drive. Just take a look at yours. It’s probably about to be filled up. Even worse, it probably is already.

So, what’s filling up you hard drive? If you have no idea what, then why don’t you find out. Here’s an easy way for you to do it.

You can find the biggest individual files on your hard drive by opening File Explorer (Windows Explorer in previous versions) and typing ‘size:gigantic’ into the search bar.

This will bring up a list of any file over 128MB in size, which you can then look through to find large files such as downloads, outdated drivers, backups and ISO images.

(Via: https://www.techadvisor.co.uk/how-to/storage/free-up-drive-space-windows-3580427/)

Now, that you know what’s filling up your hard drive, it’s time to do something about it. Here are 4 ways to have more space on your hard drive.

Make use of the Windows Disk Clean-up.

Windows has several built-in tools which will automatically find and delete unnecessary files to free up disk space.

The first to try is Disk Clean-up.

1. Search for Disk Clean-up in the Start menu.
2. Wait for it to scan your computer
3. Tick the boxes to delete some or all of the files.
4. Click OK

You have to click the Clean up system files button to do a deeper scan (you have to select the particular drive – usually C: – to check for system files). This will let you delete old versions of Windows which could be using up scores of gigabytes.

(Via: https://www.techadvisor.co.uk/how-to/storage/free-up-drive-space-windows-3580427/)

Remove games and apps that you no longer need. These take up a lot of space in your hard drive.

A relatively quick and easy way to free up space is to uninstall programs you don’t need or use.

1. From the Start menu click the cog icon to open Settings
2. Click on Apps & features
3. User the Sort by: menu to choose Size
4. Now you’ll see the programs and games taking up the most space are at the top
5. Uninstall those you don’t absolutely need

Typically these will be games, but some apps can also use many gigabytes. You have to remove them one by one, and it can take a while, but it can free up an awful lot of disk space quite quickly.

(Via: https://www.techadvisor.co.uk/how-to/storage/free-up-drive-space-windows-3580427/)

Another way for you to have more space in your hard drive is by deleting Windows Restore points.

Windows creates restore points automatically so you can roll back to a previous state if something goes wrong after you install a new driver or program. This uses up disk space, but you can adjust how much space System Restore uses.

To do this, search the Start menu for System Restore, then click on it when it appears. It will bring up the System Properties windows on the System Protection tab. Click the Configure… button to see and change how much space this tool uses.

(Via: https://www.techadvisor.co.uk/how-to/storage/free-up-drive-space-windows-3580427/)

Remove downloads, duplicate files, and other stuff you don’t need anymore.

Beyond Windows’ own tools,

0
Read More

Installation Guide of Manjaro 18.1 (KDE Edition) with Screenshots

Within a year of releasing Manjaro 18.0 (Illyria), the team has come out with their next big release with Manjaro 18.1, codenamed “Juhraya“. The team also have come up with an official announcement saying that Juhraya comes packed with a lot of improvements and bug fixes.

New Features in Manjaro 18.1

Some of the new features and enhancements in Manjaro 18.1 are listed below:

  • Option to choose between LibreOffice or Free Office
  • New Matcha theme for Xfce edition
  • Redesigned messaging system in KDE edition
  • Support for Snap and FlatPak packages using “bhau” tool

Minimum System Requirements for Manjaro 18.1

  • 1 GB RAM
  • One GHz Processor
  • Around 30 GB Hard disk space
  • Internet Connection
  • Bootable Media (USB/DVD)

Step by Step Guide to Install Manjaro 18.1 (KDE Edition)

To start installing Manjaro 18.1 (KDE Edition) in your system, please follow the steps outline below:

Step 1) Download Manjaro 18.1 ISO

Before installing, you need to download the latest copy of Manjaro 18.1 from its official download page located here. Since we are seeing about the KDE version, we chose to install the KDE version. But the installation process is the same for all desktop environments including Xfce, KDE and Gnome editions.

Step 2) Create a USB Bootable Disk

Once you have successfully downloaded the ISO file from Manjaro downloads page, it is time to create an USB disk. Copy the downloaded ISO file in a USB disk and create a bootable disk. Make sure to change your boot settings to boot using a USB and restart your system

Step 3) Manjaro Live Installation Environment

When the system restarts, it will automatically detect the USB drive and starts booting into the Manjaro Live Installation Screen.

Boot-Manjaro-18-1-kde-installation

Next use the arrow keys to choose “Boot: Manjaro x86_64 kde” and hit enter to launch the Manjaro Installer.

Step 4) Choose Launch Installer

Next the Manjaro installer will be launched and If you are connected to the internet, Manjaro will automatically detect your location and time zone. Click “Launch Installer” start installing Manjaro 18.1 KDE edition in your system.

Choose-Launch-Installaer-Manjaro18-1-kde

Step 5) Choose Your Language

Next the installer will take you to choose your preferred language.

Choose-Language-Manjaro18-1-Kde-Installation

Select your desired language and click “Next”

Step 6) Choose Your time zone and region

In the next screen, select your desired time zone and region and click “Next” to continue

Select-Location-During-Manjaro18-1-KDE-Installation

Step 7) Choose Keyboard layout

In the next screen, select your preferred keyboard layout and click “Next” to continue.

Select-Keyboard-Layout-Manjaro18-1-kde-installation

Step 8) Choose Partition Type

This is a very critical step in the installation process. It will allow you to choose between:

  • Erase Disk
  • Manual Partitioning
  • Install Alongside
  • Replace a Partition

If you are installing Manjaro 18.1 in a VM (Virtual Machine), then you won’t be able to see the last 2 options.

If you are new to Manjaro Linux then I would suggest you should go with first option (Erase Disk), it will automatically create required partitions for you. If you want to create custom partitions then choose the second option “Manual Partitioning“, as its name suggests it will allow us to create our own custom partitions.

In this tutorial I will be creating custom partitions by …

0
Read More